Fully understanding food waste in the product life cycle is vital for reducing carbon emissions, says Nomad Foods
Nomad Foods urges food industry to adopt end-to-end carbon impact product assessment to help tackle the climate emergency. Image: Nomad Foods
Nomad Foods is calling on the food industry and regulators across Europe to consider a more comprehensive, end-to-end approach to life cycle assessment (LCA) studies, which includes food loss and waste impacts, to improve transparency for consumers and drive critical action to reduce carbon emissions.
Europe’s leading frozen food company, which owns brands including Birds Eye, Findus and iglo, said food production is a major contributor to climate change and making better environmental choices about what we eat and how we reduce food waste is one way for businesses and consumers to lower their carbon impact.
To support this action, it’s vital that food companies fully understand their products’ total emissions footprint and provide clear, accurate and complete information, the company added.
With carbon labels and previous LCA studies on food often limited in scope, Nomad Foods has recently enlisted the help of international experts in impact assessments, PRé Sustainability, to conduct an end-to-end LCA study for 22 of Nomad Foods’ most popular products.
The study went beyond the scope of existing LCAs to include all stages of the product life cycle, incorporating new data on retailer and consumer food waste (an important element of Scope 3 emissions for food manufacturers) and primary data for all processing steps, improving the accuracy of the assessment – with the results peer reviewed by leading experts.
The study showed that retail and consumer food loss and waste – data which is not generally included in previous LCA assessments of food – plays an important part of the product life cycle and has a significant effect on a product’s overall environmental impact. In fact, retail and consumer food waste equates to an estimated 160m tonnes and 17.25m tonnes of CO2 in the EU and UK respectively.
This new assessment means that, for the first time ever, clear conclusions can be drawn about the carbon footprint of frozen foods products and meaningful comparisons made to their non-frozen alternatives, while accounting for all relevant and material impacts. Results for the 22 frozen products assessed under the new study showed that most had an equal or lower carbon footprint than similar products using other preservation methods.
Stéfan Descheemaeker, chief executive officer, Nomad Foods, said the demand for nutritious, high-quality, sustainable food is growing and industry has to find ways to provide consumers with information that helps them make informed choices and provides confidence that sustainability claims are robust and evidence-based.
“To support this, we encourage the food industry, retailers and regulators to adopt a wider scope for LCAs as standard, taking the whole product life cycle into account,” he said. “Based on the ground-breaking work that our teams have undertaken with life cycle experts PRé Sustainability, we can see there are significant benefits to frozen food in terms of longer-term food preservation and reduced food waste.”
Ellen Meijer, consultant, PRé Sustainability, said: “This is one of the most elaborate frozen food LCA studies ever done, covering not only a wide range of frozen food products and their alternatives, but also approaching them all in a consistent methodological manner. Combined with the large amount of primary production data included and the attention to detail at each stage, this study is one of a kind. Based on this study, we are now in the unique position to draw conclusions about the carbon footprint of frozen food products compared to their non-frozen alternatives and generalize these conclusions across the frozen food category.”