PHE reveals overconsumption of sugar by English youth

According to figures from Public Health England (PHE), children in England have consumed more than a year’s worth of sugar in less than six months.

Children aged four to ten years should have no more than the equivalent of five–six cubes of sugar per day, but are consuming on average 13 cubes. This means they are on track to consume around 4,800 cubes of sugar by the end of the year– more than double the maximum recommendation.

Sugary soft drinks remain one of the main contributors of free sugars to children’s diets – more than ice cream and puddings combined.

Apart from fruit juice, which counts as one of our Five A Day, the other main sources of sugar in children’s diets are:
• Sugary soft drinks (including squashes, juice drinks, energy drinks, cola and other fizzy drinks) – 10%
• Buns, cakes, pastries and fruit pies – 10%
• Sugars, including table sugar, preserves and sweet spreads – 9%
• Biscuits – 9%
• Breakfast cereals – 8%
• Chocolate confectionery – 7%
• Sugar confectionery – 7%
• Yogurt, fromage frais and other dairy desserts – 6%
• Ice cream – 5%
• Puddings – 4%.

Fruit juice with no added sugar can be a healthier alternative to soft drinks. However, it contributes a significant amount of sugar to children’s diets when consumed in large amounts. Therefore fruit juice and smoothies should be limited to a combined total of 150ml per day.

Too much sugar can lead to weight gain, obesity and tooth decay – a third of children leave primary school overweight or obese, while around a quarter of five year olds suffer from painful tooth decay. Children above a healthy weight are more likely to remain so as adults, increasing their risk of preventable health conditions including type 2 diabetes, heart disease and some cancers.

However, according to PHE it is not too late to reduce children’s sugar intake for the remainder of the year. PHE’s Change4Life campaign is urging parents to make simple changes:

• Swap sugary drinks for plain water, lower fat plain milks, sugar-free or no added sugar drinks. The Change4Life website has easy drink swaps and helpful tips for families.
• Limit fruit juice and smoothies to a total of 150ml per day and only consume these drinks with meals – they count as a maximum of one portion of our Five A Day.
• Cut back on sugary snacks by swapping cakes, biscuits, chocolate and sweets for fruit, plain rice cakes, toast, fruit teacakes, malted loaf or bagels with lower-fat spread.

Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England says, “We’re barely halfway through the year and already children have consumed far more sugar than is healthy – it’s no surprise this is contributing to an obesity crisis.

“Snacks and drinks are adding unnecessary sugar to children’s diets without us even noticing. Swapping to lower or no added sugar alternatives is something all parents can work towards.”

Parents can visit the Change4Life website for helpful swaps and tips, and download theChange4Life Food Scanner app to see the sugar, fat, salt and calories in popular foods and drinks.

Tackling obesity and tooth decay requires wider action and does not rely solely on parents. PHE is working with the food industry to cut 20% of sugar from the foods children consume most by 2020. Sugar reduction guidelines for juice and milk based drinks outside the scope of the Soft Drinks Industry Levy are to be achieved by mid 2021.

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